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Bài 8: Word problems addition

(Những vấn đề của phép cộng)

Các em làm quen với một số thuật ngữ cơ bản của số học trong bài học Word problems addition của môn Toán bằng Tiếng anh nhé

Bài 8: Word problems addition

Hey Starry , why are you angry with me?Hey Starry , why are you angry with me?

I know we're doing a lots of addition examples , but Starry doing addition is vere useful in everyday life.I know we're doing a lots of addition examples , but Starry doing addition is vere useful in everyday life.

Ok I'll explain to you.Ok I'll explain to you.

Lokio, This is the bill we got from the shop yesterday.Lokio, This is the bill we got from the shop yesterday.

Let's read out the cost of items we purchase.Let's read out the cost of items we purchase.

The cost of the water bottle is rupees 90.The cost of the water bottle is rupees 90.

We bought the six notebooks were rupees 60.We bought the six notebooks were rupees 60.

Now tell me Starry, what is written at the end of the bill?Now tell me Starry, what is written at the end of the bill?

Yes, it is written the total amount in rupees 150. So, what had we done?Yes, it is written the total amount in rupees 150. So, what had we done?

Yes, the shopkeeper had added all the amount together to get the total.Yes, the shopkeeper had added all the amount together to get the total.

So Starry, whenever we have to find the total quantity or number of items all together, we had to do addition.So Starry, whenever we have to find the total quantity or number of items all together, we had to do addition.

Ok Starry, are you now ready to solve a few words problems.Ok Starry, are you now ready to solve a few words problems.

Let's read the first problem.Let's read the first problem.

Rozy's mother bought 15 chocolates and 50 toffees for her birthday.Rozy's mother bought 15 chocolates and 50 toffees for her birthday.

How many sweets did she buy in all?How many sweets did she buy in all?

Starry, whenever you read a problem first write out what did given.Starry, whenever you read a problem first write out what did given.

Can you tell me in the given problem what information is given?Can you tell me in the given problem what information is given?

Yes, it is given that Rozy's mother bought 15 chocolates and 50 toffees for her birthday.Yes, it is given that Rozy's mother bought 15 chocolates and 50 toffees for her birthday.

The next step is to write what we have to find out.The next step is to write what we have to find out.

Ohmm.....Here we have to find out the total number of sweets.Ohmm.....Here we have to find out the total number of sweets.

So Starry, which operation should be carry out?So Starry, which operation should be carry out?

Yes, we should do addition of 15 and 50 on adding digit.Yes, we should do addition of 15 and 50 on adding digit.

We get 5 units and 0 units equal to 5 units. 1 ten and 5 tens equal to 6 tens.We get 5 units and 0 units equal to 5 units. 1 ten and 5 tens equal to 6 tens.

So Starry, Rozy's mother bought 65 sweets for her birthday.So Starry, Rozy's mother bought 65 sweets for her birthday.

Ok Starry, let I show the next example.Ok Starry, let I show the next example.

A fruit seller has 65 mangoes, 36 bananas and 24 oranges in his cart.A fruit seller has 65 mangoes, 36 bananas and 24 oranges in his cart.

How many fruits does he have in all? What did given here Starry?How many fruits does he have in all? What did given here Starry?

Yes, it is given that A fruit seller has 65 mangoes, 36 bananas and 24 oranges.Yes, it is given that A fruit seller has 65 mangoes, 36 bananas and 24 oranges.

What do we have to find? Yes, we have to find the total number of fruits.What do we have to find? Yes, we have to find the total number of fruits.

So what should we do? We should add all the number of fruits.So what should we do? We should add all the number of fruits.

Let's add 65 plus 36 plus 24 on adding digit.Let's add 65 plus 36 plus 24 on adding digit.

In the unit line, we get 5 plus 6 plus 4 equal to 15 units, carry 1 ten to ten column.In the unit line, we get 5 plus 6 plus 4 equal to 15 units, carry 1 ten to ten column.

Let's add the digit in the ten please.Let's add the digit in the ten please.

6 plus 3 tens plus 2 tens plus 1 equal to 12 tens.. So Starry, the fruit seller has 125 fruits.6 plus 3 tens plus 2 tens plus 1 equal to 12 tens.. So Starry, the fruit seller has 125 fruits.

Here is the next example.Here is the next example.

In the school, there were 42 children in standard 2A and 37 children in standard 2B.In the school, there were 42 children in standard 2A and 37 children in standard 2B.

Hence, find out the total number of children in both the classes.Hence, find out the total number of children in both the classes.

So Starry, can you tell me what information is given here?So Starry, can you tell me what information is given here?

Yes, it is given 42 children in 2A and 37 children in 2B.Yes, it is given 42 children in 2A and 37 children in 2B.

We have to find the total number of children in class 2.We have to find the total number of children in class 2.

Ok and let's add 42 and 37. 2 units plus 7 units is 9 units.Ok and let's add 42 and 37. 2 units plus 7 units is 9 units.

4 tens plus 3 tens is 7 tens. We got the answer 79.4 tens plus 3 tens is 7 tens. We got the answer 79.

So Starry, there were a total of 79 children in second standard in the school.So Starry, there were a total of 79 children in second standard in the school.

Hey Starry ! The next example is very easy. Come on !! Let's solve it.Hey Starry ! The next example is very easy. Come on !! Let's solve it.

Ruhi has 19 story books and her friends Tanya has 26 story books.Ruhi has 19 story books and her friends Tanya has 26 story books.

What is the total number of story books with them?What is the total number of story books with them?

Yes Starry, the number of story books with Ruhi is 19 and the number of story book with Tanya is 26.Yes Starry, the number of story books with Ruhi is 19 and the number of story book with Tanya is 26.

To find the total number of story books with them, we should add 19 and 26.To find the total number of story books with them, we should add 19 and 26.

On adding, 9 units and 6 units we get 15 units.On adding, 9 units and 6 units we get 15 units.

Carry over 1 to ten please. Now, let's add 2 tens, 1 ten, 1 ten equal to 4 tens.Carry over 1 to ten please. Now, let's add 2 tens, 1 ten, 1 ten equal to 4 tens.

So the total number of story books with Ruhi and Tanya is 45.So the total number of story books with Ruhi and Tanya is 45.

Here is the last example. Let's read it first.Here is the last example. Let's read it first.

Karishma and her brother Sunil bought new clothes.Karishma and her brother Sunil bought new clothes.

Karishma's dress cost rupees 575 and Sunil's shirt cost him rupees 210.Karishma's dress cost rupees 575 and Sunil's shirt cost him rupees 210.

How much money did they spend in all? What's given?How much money did they spend in all? What's given?

The cost of Karishma's dress and the cost of Sunil's shirt.The cost of Karishma's dress and the cost of Sunil's shirt.

What do we have to find? We have to find the total amount they have spent.What do we have to find? We have to find the total amount they have spent.

So Starry, can you do the addition? Yes, it's simple.So Starry, can you do the addition? Yes, it's simple.

We have to arrange the 3 digit numbers in proper columns.We have to arrange the 3 digit numbers in proper columns.

Now, start add the unit digit please. 5 units plus 0 unit equal to 5 units.Now, start add the unit digit please. 5 units plus 0 unit equal to 5 units.

7 tens plus 1 ten equal to 8 tens.7 tens plus 1 ten equal to 8 tens.

And finally, 5 hundreds plus 2 hundreds equal to 7 hundreds.And finally, 5 hundreds plus 2 hundreds equal to 7 hundreds.

So, Karishma and Sunil spent 785 rupees in all.So, Karishma and Sunil spent 785 rupees in all.

Did you understand Starry, how addition is useful to us in everyday life.Did you understand Starry, how addition is useful to us in everyday life.